The New Dragon’s Summer Reads

Get to know your editors and what they’ve been reading this summer

photo by Marcus Cheah (@marcuscheah)

As the autumn semester approaches, and summer draws to a close, many students from the Le Havre campus are indulging themselves in some holiday reading. Perhaps you have made a start on the Sciences Po summer reading list, perhaps you have been reading to own tastes, or perhaps not at all. Regardless, the four new editors at Le Dragon Déchaîné thought it would be an opportune moment to introduce ourselves, and tell you what we’ve been reading this summer.

Leesa Ko

An American second year student and one of the new editors- in- chief for the radio section, Leesa joined LDD last year after writing a short piece on her solo travels and producing a music podcast with one of last year’s editors and infamous party animals, Pierre Bucaille. Between her perhaps excessive load of extracurriculars, Leesa can probably be found on campus asking too many questions, laughing obnoxiously, or caressing her new tattoo whom she’s affectionately named Noelia. She’s been reading…

Pachinko by Min Jin Lee

“History has failed us, but no matter.”

The opening line of Pachinko reflects the devastating impact and raw honesty of the novel, a multigenerational story of a Korean family during and after the 35-year forced Japanese occupation of the peninsula. The story follows the Baek family as they incessentally fight to overcome in a time and place where the odds were in favor of achieving anything but.

For me, Pachinko brought me closer to my roots as I gained a keener awareness and empathy of the unimaginable hardships that my own family was forced to confront during the occupation, as well as the ongoing challenges they continue to face as a result of this period. Nonetheless, this book discusses universal themes such as family, identity and discrimination, within a historical context that is underrepresented in English-language literature.

Author Min Jin Lee skillfully strikes a balance between crafting a calculated account of a winding historical saga while avoiding the often drawn out descriptions common to such writings, and creating a humanising intimacy in the development of such vivid and complex characters. Perhaps some of this can be attributed to her having spent 30 years on the book, but it’s evident that Lee has achieved a literary feat with her literary triumph, Pachinko, which was a 2017 finalist for the National Book Award for fiction.

Philippe Andreas Bédos

Philippe is from Oslo, Norway and one of the new editors-in-chief for radio at Le Dragon. He majors in Politics & Government and is studying Chinese. He is also the P.R. Manager of the Bureau Des Élèves and an avid sportsman, part of the campus football, rugby and karate clubs. He enjoys listening to bossa nova music and quoting philosophers he has actually never read. You will often hear him using directly translated Norwegian expressions such as: “Goodbye on the bathroom, you old chocolate!” , or “I had my beard in the mailbox”. He’s been reading…

Au Revoir Là-Haut (The Great Swindle) by Pierre Lemaitre

The fate of two French soldiers, Édouard Péricourt and Albert Maillard, is decided in the final moments of World War I, as their ranking officer, Henri D’Aulnay Pradelle launches a daring offensive to ensure his social ascension once the fighting ends. After saving Albert’s life, Édouard is in turn saved by Albert. When Édouard later wakes up in the hospital, he discovers his jaw has been torn off by a shell blast.

The sad and beautiful story of Maillard and Péricourt’s friendship is a true adventure through post-war French society. Rich with humour, it centers on a plan to fool the whole country into buying fake monuments to the dead and fleeing as well as the scandal of Pradelle’s mix-up of thousands of entombed soldiers.

Pierre Lemaître draws you 100 years back in time to a society that has since profoundly changed, yet the characters and their aspirations are uncannily familiar. The story is bitter yet compelling and filled with historical detail.

The novel explores the strong social codification and stratification of the time, via investigations of Édouard’s family’s relations; focusing notably on the complex relationship with his father, who realises all too late he truly loved his son, a particularly endearing character. As he realizes what has become of his once delicate face, Edouard convinces Albert to provide him with a new identity and hides his disfigurement by making beautiful and oniric masks of all kinds, filled with color and imagination. He meets his misfortune with irony and flamboyance.

The book won Lemaître the 2013 edition of the Prix Goncourt.

You can also find the movie adaptation in theatres now. (93 % on Rotten Tomatoes / 7,6/10 on IMDb)

Maya Shenoy

Maya is an American second year student and is one of the new editors-in-chief for the print section at Le Dragon. She majors in Political Humanities and is also co-captain of LBGTQ club and Quizbowl. You will most likely catch her off campus, in the Bibliothèque Niemeyer or Columbus Café, laughing at her own jokes as subtly as possible. She’s been reading…

The Boys in the Boat by Daniel James Brown

This book had been sitting on my shelf since I half-started it at sixteen. After having been recommended to me by a dear teacher from high school, I had left it untouched. My teacher had called the story, centered on the fraternity and perseverance of the American coxed-eight rowing team (largely from rural Washington State) in the 1936 Berlin Olympics, nothing short of “life-changing.”

With some time on my hands (and the promise of transformational content), I was able to dive back into the book over May and June. The book found me at an opportune moment – uninspired and seeking purpose. I found myself instantly taken by the story of protagonist Joe Rantz, his turbulent childhood and mandated independence (after having been told to fend for himself by a complicated stepmother), and his unshaking determination to the sport, bettering his life, family, and his wife, Joyce. The camaraderie with the diverse group of men in the boat, whilst it had been the advertised selling point, was for me only the second most compelling part of the story.

While Brown paints an intimate portrait of the team he, curiously, weaves in quotes by the famed shellmaker George Yeoman Pocock (who fashioned their boat on his campus workshop). Initially, the reflections of Pocock that open every chapter seemed superfluous to the story (though no less interesting). But it was these reflections, on character, on teamwork, and on grit that stuck with me the most. Brown elegantly and subtly shows us, with the near-spiritual reflections of Pocock then embodied by the actions of this boat of men, the importance of a strong network – a strong team – and sheer determination in sport and life.

The language is clear and concise, Brown does not delve into meta-analysis to feign significance. Instead, the grandness of the sheer facts and the poignancy of Pocock’s thoughts propel the book (more accurately, the story or events) into a Chariots of Fire-caliber tale of extraordinary people, courage, and drive.

Pailey Wang

Pailey is an Australian second year student, and is one of the new editors-in-chief for print at Le Dragon. He majors in Politics and Government, and is also the incumbent Public Relations Officer of the Bureau des Arts. You will often find him wandering the halls of campus, looking for someone to go to Resto-U with. He’s been reading…

Fifty Years of Constitutional Evolution in France: The 2008 Amendments and Beyond by Martin Rogoff

Some students seem to adjust to the rhythm of undergraduate studies better than others; finding a sensible balance between university work and leisure, which among other things, includes the type of wide and explorative reading one should indulge themselves in during these still formative years. I seemingly was not one of those students, the only image the words ‘work / life balance’ conjure up for me is the ability to make it to the lecture hall. So, when my delightful co-editors decided on an ‘exciting’ book review for our first piece of the new semester, my reaction was somewhat muted. In spite of this, I am not one to let down the team, so here-in you will find my review of the first thirteen pages of ‘Fifty Years of Constitutional Evolution in France: The 2008 Amendments and Beyond’ by Martin A. Rogoff, the shortest of the readings that I will have to do reasonably soon anyway for my constitutional law lecture.

It is approaching twenty minutes since I started reading, and I haven’t made it through the one-page abstract. I feel like Professor Rogoff is trying to explain a nuanced and important concept, which I have thus far completely failed to comprehend. His picture, attached to his page on the Maine University of Law directory, has not helped me. His gaze penetrates me with seething disappointment.

Reaching the beginning of the introduction on the second page, I find myself thoroughly impressed by the extent of the footnoting, three quarters of the page at least. I breeze through the three lines of body on said page, and I feel as though I am making great strides.

The third page reads as easily as the second, the extensive footnoting has helped me once again. Though it slightly worries me when my mate prof. Rogoff tells me to ‘see’, among other things, a ‘short collection of essays’; my gut tells me that the word ‘short’ is being used liberally. I much prefer Rogoff’s footnotes which, correctly, assume my general ignorance of modern French history and chime in little helpful tidbits. Wishing I knew more about Algeria, I suddenly make the dire realisation that I have only made it to page 5. My initial delight at the length of the footnotes was misplaced, our good friend Rogoff is jamming more and more background information in, and I feel decieved by the smaller type.

Many thoughts went through my mind over the next few pages, few were about constitutional law. They mostly revolved around Charles de Gaulle and all the things I would rather be doing. After considerable effort, and altogether too much time, I did eventually finish. Highlights: I feel like I increased the flow of blood to my brain for the first time in a while. Low points: See Rogoff, M. (2011). Fifty Years of Constitutional Evolution in France: The 2008 Amendments and Beyond. SSRN Electronic Journal, pp.1-13.

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Maximizing Utility: The BDA Elections

The election frenzy continues at the Le Havre campus as the artistic bureau takes its turn in the spotlight.

(click on image to view full photo)

The twelve candidates have spent the week relentlessly campaigning, communicating their ideas and demonstrating their various talents. As past Minicrit results have shown, the arts are the heart and soul of our campus. The Bureau des Arts (BDA) is instrumental in bringing our campus together. To help students better evaluate which candidate is most capable of promoting campus unity, the incumbent BDA has posed the question, “What will you do to tear down cultural barriers, and how can the BDA best promote artistic and cultural life in and out of campus, given budgetary, academic, and logistical limits?”

As so aptly stated by Emma Durand, “The BDA has a duty on this campus, beyond coordinating clubs and organising events, to create an atmosphere of acceptance, of kindness and of openness, in order for everyone to be more inclined to let go of their initial fear, and show their vulnerability and their passion.” This atmosphere epitomizes events held by the BDA; from Diwali to Chinese New Year, and Christmas to BDA night. Ayano Goto elaborates on the “sense of bonding that came from the respect and kindness that I believe each one of us have on campus.” Amber Dave says with conviction, “To tear down cultural barriers I would work towards making people of (different) cultures feel included because there are some minorities that are indeed under-represented and so the BDA could organize events on days of festivals of these communities that require no to minimal funding.”

But a majority of candidates have also expressed a desire to hold more small-scale events. Indeed, Jane Chan, Emma Durand, and Evgenia Ivanchuk present the idea of having presentations of the diverse variety of cultures on campus to fuel intercultural dialogue. Sarah Maaz promotes the idea of “small cultural festivals where people of different nationalities could show us more about their countries.” Nolwenn Voléon states that “some students are very good at writing, drawing or taking pictures and I want to provide a platform for them to be able to display their work more freely if they wish to do so; (and to) be able to host their own workshop to share some talent or technique they’re passionate about (e.g. origami, watercolor, calligraphy).” Furthermore, Camille Geneau elaborates: “differences should not be barriers but opportunities to share our tradition, to learn from one another and to open our minds.” Evgenia Ivanchuk suggests more LDD involvement, publishing more culture-oriented articles, whereas Pailey Wang proposes “intimate evening musical performances after class” to unwind after a long day. Monthly displays of visual art suggested by candidates including Cassandre Rohart, and Camille Geneau. Vinzent Wesselmann and Nolwenn Voléon stress on how more emphasis should be placed on the “non-performers”: the authors, poets, and visual artists. The latter suggests having an anonymous gallery to provide a space for the shyest among us. These exhibits would not only be a way to get to know our diverse artistic community but also allow us to further communicate with local university students. Getting other universities involved, much like getting more students involved, would require active promotion.

According to Fiona Beraud, “Promoting culture can be easy. You can make flyers, Facebook posts, posters…” Pailey Wang remains pragmatic and states, “I have a lot of practical skills in sound systems, video editing and photo editing which would be very useful for running and promoting our campus events. I am very concerned with ensuring that the diverse artistic output of our campus is shared and promoted on campus.” Furthermore, creating more videos and making them more easily accessible would prolong this feeling, and conserve the memory of each event. Vinzent comments, “I want us to be able to remember our performances in all of their glory. The first step for this is to implement a backup camera for all performances in order to ensure that no recordings are lost as they were last semester. Then, I’d like to work with the photography and film-making club to create short after movies for each large BDA event that capture the ambiance of the night through little interviews and behind-the-scenes shots that we can fondly remember in years to come.”

Interestingly, three candidates, Amber Dave, Sarah Maaz, and Cassandre Rohart, suggested cultural diplomacy through food. Amber Dave would encourages intercultural interaction through food served at BDA events. He elaborates and says, “All these are varied and diverse ideas to break down cultural barriers on campus and one or multiple of them can be used and show promise of being effective.” Sarah Maaz complements this notion by stating, “I would like to organize (and encourage other students to organize) cultural and cross-cultural dinners. To me, the conviviality of a dinner is the best way to open the dialogue and discuss.” Cassandre Rohart would “make daily cohesion and contacts better. Organizing a weekly-shared meal between 2 or 3 people, from different countries (on a totally voluntary basis) would make them share original recipes, ingredients, and memories together.” To promote French culture, Sarah Maaz would implement “more French cultural visits: we do have the artistic side (MuMA, the port, Le Havre’s architecture…), but in order to provide the “French cultural experience” to international students, I would love to take them to wine and cheese caves, visiting farms (Normandy is a region that is mainly agricultural and has a fascinating cultural patrimony!) or even medieval villages.”

In addition to appealing to the stomach, candidates have other ideas to appeal to college students. Camille Geneau stresses the importance of a clearer schedule for the rehearsal spaces, to make it easier to plan around our busy schedules. She would also set up a book exchange program, to make access to a wider variety of books more easily available. Fiona Beraud would set up a more material reward system, an “art membership card”: “Just like when you go to Wok-Up, you would get a BDA stamp on your membership card if you can provide proof you went to the museum, the theatre etc. Anyone who finishes their card could get a reward (free tickets to shows? free piece of art? Credits (!!)? Who knows ! Let’s get creative!)”

Overall, it is comforting to see that students standing for election are generally on the same page. This includes frequent, small-scale events centered around promoting multiculturalism, student-led workshops, intimate concerts, and temporary expositions. Furthermore, there are a plethora of interesting new ideas that could energize our increasingly diverse campus. Tomorrow, students cast their votes, and we hope that they vote with their ideal bureau in mind.

Emma Dailey is a French-American second year student at Sciences Po Paris, Campus du Havre.

Edited by Paxia Ksatryo

The ‘Association Sportive’ Elections

The AS Phoenix will be reborn today.

(click on image for full size )

As election day draws near, students of the Le Havre Campus of Sciences Po will have nearly finished forming their opinions on the plethora of candidates competing for their favor. In the interest of keeping the citizenry informed, we have asked all ten Association Sportive (AS) candidate two questions, sourced from the association themselves. They reflect the greatest concerns of the current AS members, who have a better understanding of the reality of association life than anyone else on campus, about the future success of the association. These questions about the duties, functioning and main challenge of the Association are as follows:

  1. Leading our campus to victory is one of the pivotal objectives of the AS. However, we have very limited access to resources in terms of venue, coaching and training time. In your opinion, what should be the AS role in improving the situation, so as to better facilitate the preparation of the teams for Minicrit?
  2. In your perspective, what is the biggest challenge the AS will face during your mandate and how do you propose to sort it out?

According to the Sciences Po Le Havre campus official website, the AS is a permanent association under the 1901 French law. Its mission is to create an active and inclusive athletic community on campus, but also to facilitate access to health services in Le Havre. During the year, it is to organize friendly matches with the Université du Havre and other local teams. At the end of the year, it is to present teams to compete in the Minicrit, or Collégiades de SciencesPo, an athletic and artistic competition between all Sciences Po Paris undergraduate campuses.

These are the bare bones of AS duties, but as the students are well aware, our association members do so much more. From providing us with our beloved blue hoodies and keeping the lunch-room stocked with tea, to coordinating the Ski-Trip, WEIS, and Minicrit, all while continuously boosting campus moral, it is now up to us to ensure that the baton of responsibility is passed on to the right combination of five dedicated and able students. The spirit of Achilles Shields must be reincarnated much like the Phoenix in its logo. To aid in this collective decision making, we have based the article below on the answers of all ten candidates to our two questions.

1 – Leading our campus to victory is one of the pivotal objectives of the AS. However, we have very limited access to resources in terms of venue, coaching and training time. In your opinion, what should be the AS role in improving the situation, so as to better facilitate the preparation of the teams for Minicrit?

  • Coordinating club captains, locations and coaches:

To better facilitate the preparation of the teams for Minicrit, the candidates all seem very focused firstly, on coordinating clubs to help captains find coaches and places to practice. Léa Leyfsword states that “The AS should make the connexion between sports captains and venues easier so that they can book fields more often when they need it and therefore be better prepared for the Minicrit. It should also make it easier for anyone who wants to start a club to find a coach and place.” Miyu Shu also states that “the AS needs to continue working towards establishing long-term relations and networks around Le Havre with local sports facilities, schools, and universities!” Yuqin Luo continues “AS will have a supportive role to the clubs. The association should support clubs by helping sports clubs to find ways to extend their training time and to negotiate with the gyms. Despite negotiating with gyms, we are also going to provide plan Bs such as organizing running sessions for the sports clubs and people on our campus. What the AS should and can do is not to help clubs be better at sports but to provide them with a good environment that they can improve.”

Kalinka Le Goff also reminds us of the key role the AS has in helping organize a sports schedule free of clashes, so that our students may involve themselves in as many sports as they please. Kokoro Osada summarizes and highlights the issue by stating: “One of the main concerns that we had at the beginning of the year with the sports teams were to begin the practices itself. The captains were responsible for everything from finding a coach and reserving a field. The AS should lighten these burden (…) Practices are sometimes canceled, often due to a sudden change in the schedule of the field or the court. The AS could work against this by helping the captains prepare an alternative time and location. I also think that a list of all sports teams and its location/time of the training should be made for clarification. The AS could work somewhat as a headquarter for all the sports teams in the school.” Finally, Marius Andioc values taking action as soon as the year begins: “what could have been done to coordinate clubs for the Minicrit with regular meetings could be done from the beginning of the year to be sure that everything goes in the right direction.”

  • Boosting Student Involvement:

Finding coaches became a difficulty for the AS last year when the SciencesPo administration decided that sports credits would only be accorded to clubs with a professional coach. This purely bureaucratic and insurance-related decision put many successful clubs with no need for external help behind in their organization and training. Furthermore, none of the Le Havre dance clubs are eligible to be credited. In future, this may lead to waning participation. Indeed, assiduity has visibly decreased in the institutions that are Bollywood and Chinese Dance. The new AS, like the old, with have to work harder than others in the past to keep our divers, LH specific clubs alive. Most candidates pledged themselves to increasing involvement in sports.

As stated by Kseniya Redka: “The main focus should be made on increasing the competitiveness of the campus and encouraging more people to join the sports clubs. This can be done through more numerous events like matches between local LH teams and ScPo, because it will give a sense of what is it like to play against others. Also perhaps by recruiting more people for participation in the sports clubs, captains will be able to form more of smaller teams during the practice to compete against each other. For the Minicrit team, establish clear attendance guidelines and set the objectives of each session, as well as providing AS with the evaluation of the course progress on the regular basis (every quarter of the semester).” Marius Andioc also emphasizes the importance of campus spirit: “a big part of AS job would be preparing next year’s minicrit by advertising students about it, how it matters for the campus, club commitment when you’re part of a team etc.” Finding ways to increasing budget is also one of the main solutions, along with increased coordination between team captains, practice locations, and coaches, to limited access to resources in terms of venue, coaching and training time.

Candidate Marcus Cheah commented on the link between this involvement and association finance: “I feel like in the long term for major future developments, we will require a certain increase of funding to solve the problem of limited resources, however, that only would be made possible if our teams are able to prove that we are worth acquiring those funding. So, it becomes a cycle of how we would need more funding and resources to get more victories, and we would need more victories to deem ourselves worthy of more funding. Hence, my opinion is that AS’s role starts from raising the athletic spirit on campus in order to encourage everyone’s full participation on sports teams. Also, I would like to strive for more casual pickup matches with everyone on campus at accessible locations like the beach basketball, volleyball courts etc., such that everyone could get more into sports.”

  • Making the most of the AS budget:

But an inexpensive way to increase the amount of training for a little fee is to compete against local student teams more often. As stated by Hiroki Yamashita: “A.S role is to be a resource for sports and health for everyone. Considering preparation for Minicrit, the sports team in Sciences Po currently has two major problems. One is lack of participation and the other is lack of training time. The first problem roots form the fact that we don’t really have practice games in a competitive way other than WEIC and Minicrit which leads lack of motivation. Thus, A.S. can negotiate to set a practice game with other schools such as the University of Le Havre.” Léa Leyfsword also believes that the “AS has to be an intermediate with the other student sport committees of LH in order to organise joint events (eg. Match amicaux) with other student teams in LH (or amateur teams like the Dieselles in feminine rugby for example),” along with Miyu Shu: “The AS can make sure to lend a hand to the captains in this respect and become the bridge between our sports teams and the teams of other universities in LH!” The benefits of the policy are also emphasized by Mia Raichon: “most of all, what I want is to organize sportive events and meetings between our teams and those of other schools in the city or LH university. As a beginner in rugby this year, I progressed and understood the game a lot more during the WEIS than during the whole first part of the semester. Then, put teams in a situation with some “LH tournaments” should make our teams ready to beat all the other campuses, without getting in trouble with the admin!”

The question of increasing budget come down to lobbying the administration and is therefore not entirely in the power of the AS. We therefore greatly appreciate the alternative suggestions by all candidates. Mia Raichon states that “It’s clear that there are huge differences between campuses concerning the place occupied by sport in the academic path. But what is a the core of success and victory is the motivation of players, and it’s something that LH has. So, what we need is more training opportunities for sports teams all along the year. The truth is that high-sport-level is not coming by itself, and team-sport captains can’t do everything alone to lead their team to victory. I really want to talk to the administration team about increasing the sports budget. But, I guess that previous AS has already tried and we still don’t have enough infrastructures, coaches or afternoon reserved for sport yet as other campuses (Nancy for example). If we face another refusal from the admin, then we still can do some simple things to make the difference. Thus, the AS role should be to help captains to organize some extra-practices, or why not professional-game-screenings with all the team to work on the technicality of a specific sport, determine strategies etc.”

Hiroki Yamashita continues: the “cheerleading team is managing to have more than one practice a week, while most of the other clubs have only one. So it is possible to manage both school work and several practices a week. But when this problem is due to training place or resource, the team has chosen to work out or do the weights if they want to have more practice. However, SciencesPo does not have the equipment. Thus A.S can help the team by providing a training equipment or training menu which uses only one’s body in order to make it easier to have more than one practice a week.”

Overall, candidates will need to focus on coordinating club captains, locations, and coaches, boosting student involvement and making the most of the AS budget whether they manage to increase it or not. But keep in mind that once again, these are the bare bones of As responsibilities, and a successful AS must be willing to go above and beyond.

2 – In your perspective, what is the biggest challenge the AS will face during your mandate and how do you propose to sort it out?

Marcus Cheah cites having enough participation to boost the budget: “I think the biggest challenge we will face is the exact problem of not having enough money to carry out our events, whether it is due to students not willing to cooperate and pay assoc fees, or because the school is not providing sufficient funding. Which is why, I propose to enforce the policy of “no fees paid, means no activity participation allowed”. On top of that, I hope that by starting off events small with lower expenses and in more of a “pilot scheme” form; and as times go by we will accumulate more funding and participants would gain more interest. Then, more money could be focused on producing a full form of that event in the end that is better organized and in-depth than the previous pilot one. This ensures more participation in the event as long as less financial problems and issues.” Furthermore, as Marius Andioc states: “It depends on which scale we think. The minicrit is going to be of course a huge challenge for the AS, and then what I propose could be applied. However, on a more student life scale, the AS presence is another big challenge to sort out. AS could organize more often events related to a sport that could include everybody: athletes, people who are not into sports to make them get along with it, curious people etc. “Sports discovery” events, which would consist in making discover a sport to people every one or two months.” Hiroki Yamashita focuses on general organizational aspects: “A.S organizes many events such as “amazing race” at the beginning of the year and the amount of the work increases especially before those events. The biggest challenge that A.S will face is the time deadline to organize the events. Especially events that require payment needs interaction with other students before the event and it could be a one reason for delay of the work of A.S. To improve the situation, A.S can post a calendar which shows upcoming events and payment deadline for those event and make the interaction between the association and students smooth by providing clear view of what kind of events associations are planning.”

The majority of candidates by far, however, mention the Minicrit as the greatest challenge to face the AS during their mandate. It is our opportunity to shine as a campus and showcase not only our artistic and athletic abilities on home-turf but also our city, Le Havre, as well as our creativity and dedication, organizing around challenges. Léa Leyfsword, Kokoro Osada, and Kseniya Redka both plan to overcome this challenge with a methodical approach to the problem, with early preparation, a clear schedule and an even distribution of tasks. Kalinka Le Goff instead emphasizes the teamwork aspect of planning this event: “we will sort it out by working as a team, sharing our ideas and our expectations.” Mia Raichon also focuses on the MiniCrit as our greatest challenge, and cites her experience biking at a National and European level, “ I admit that I haven’t ever organized such a huge event but I know from my experience what are the expectations of a competitor. (…) Before I felt lucky to represent my country as a competitor, now I would be so proud to represent my campus as an organizer.” Miyu Shu offers a focus on teamwork, funding, and organization as solutions suggested concerning what she tentatively called “SushiCrit.”Furthermore, in addition to negotiating training times, and organization like the aforementioned candidates, Yuqin Luo would focus on having high-quality communication, and “Reduce cost or earn more. Reduce cost can be in two ways: find cheaper resources and find a resource (might need as to help promote as well and if we do so we might have a permission). Earn more in two ways: set a portable market and sell drinks, snacks and souvenirs or to provide discount plans to campuses(like entrance fee in addition to a plan for drinks and snacks)”

After reading these interview answers, along with the candidate manifestos and posters, we hope the campus will feel more informed as a citizenry and will be more confident in when casting their ballots on Friday, from 9 AM to 6 PM. In the words of Loretta Lynch, “Voting is the expression of our commitment to ourselves, one another, our country (university) and this world.”

Emma Dailey is a French-American second year student at Sciences Po Paris, Campus du Havre.

Unity in Diversity? The BDE Elections

This Friday, the 26th of January 2018, students will gather on campus to vote for their next BDE. Our BDE is composed of six members, and this year 13 candidates are competing for election to the next mandate. The current BDE has asked each candidate about the challenges posed to the organization.

With the student body increasing in numbers, it is no surprise that the diversity of campus grows too. This trend is particularly relevant to the Bureau des Élèves whose objective is to to ensure the social life of the student body is as inclusive as possible. The work of the BDE includes ensuring students are well integrated to campus life by organizing events such as the integration week, bar and club nights, casino night, as well as the end-of-year gala. The challenge that comes with hosting social events has always been catering to the myriad of different interests of the student body. Lalonde elaborates on the deliberate oxymoron, “unity in diversity” by saying that there exists “unity without uniformity and diversity without fragmentation.” Indeed, within a campus as diverse as ours, this concept must be kept in mind. Whilst this notion is usually applied in federations, the challenge for the BDE has always been to realize this concept in the microcosm of our campus, where students have different ideals for a “social life”. So, the most important question that the BDE must answer is; can the BDE, with limited resources, unify a campus that is increasingly diverse?

Coincidentally, all of the candidates have advocated for the need to diversify events on campus, taking the polarity of interests into consideration. Philippe Andreas Bédos states that “diversity is a strength, but one that requires the right mindset to deal with.” Further, he reiterated that we “need to take into account the existence of cultural barriers, and how easy it is to fall into specific groups based on our backgrounds.” A sentiment which was echoed most of the candidates. Maya Shenoy discussed the need for the BDE to “facilitate socialisation and transition”, empathizing with the difficulty in “reaching out to groups that aren’t yours in terms of diversity.” The candidates have offered many suggestions on improving inclusivity. There is an increasing support this year to have more non-alcoholic events in addition to the customary events held by the BDE; these include – but are not limited to – international dinners, potlucks, volunteering and a colour run, as suggested by Hortense Pin-Plaud, Alana Tang, and Joséphine Cousin respectively. These events strive to achieve inclusivity similar to successful events such as Diwali and Chinese New Year which bridge the “gap between the international and the French” in the words of Plamédie Mesongolo, but also “reflect the many different cultures on campus” as Jean Castorini later elaborated. Joséphine Cousin also keeps those who love a good party in mind, she wants to assist the hosts of house parties by funding a cleaning service and provided a framework for the feasibility of her proposal. On the other hand, Arjun Vadrevu said that he believes in strengthening inter-association collaboration on more events, focusing on events which “don’t require that many resources nor manpower.” While it is true that the BDE requires funding to stay afloat and make many of our events possible, the lack of resources shouldn’t perversely limit the association. Francesca Moro alluded to an inventive American TV character, saying “if McGyver can diffuse a bomb with a hockey match ticket, limited resources aren’t a problem for anyone.”

In addition to the obligations of the BDE, candidates such as Camille Capelle believe that “the six members of the BDE should represent this diversity that is atypical and dear to Sciences Po.” She argues this would avoid certain groups being overlooked. Ayush Dhall stresses on a peer-to-peer approach by asking students for ideas to “reach a common consensus”, however one must question the extent to which a complete consensus is realistic. Keeping in mind a busy calendar and the traditional roles of the BDE, we asked the candidates what they believe the biggest challenge of being a member of the BDE will be. Marguerite Matoussowsky highlighted the Gala notingthe intense workload associated with it, while Jean Castorini concentrated on the importance of integrating incoming first years and ensuring they feel as welcome as possible. Meanwhile, Maya Shenoy takes a pragmatic approach, and believes the biggest challenge is the budget, saying that, “we have ambitious goals, and that’s very good, but it conflicts with the monetary realisation of those goals. We need to learn how to marry those two ideas.” Suhanya J. De Saram took a more subtle approach, acknowledging how all candidates have ideas and convictions, but keeps in mind the difficulty in reconciling differences within the BDE “if no one is willing to compromise on their ideas for the sake of the team.” She further said, “Ideally, no BDE member should be grandstanding and/or too caught up on pride.

While there has been an emphasis in this campaign on events that cater to a more timid or introverted demographic on campus, perhaps innovative solutions which garner the interests of the divergent tastes on campus deserve further consideration. Staying pragmatic, and being able to cooperate within a team is going to inevitably shape the functioning of the next BDE, and we urge you to cast your six votes tomorrow with your vision of an ideal BDE in mind.

Paxia Ksatryo is an Indonesian second year student and the incumbent event manager of the Bureau des Élèves of Sciences Po Paris, Campus du Havre.

Edited by Pailey Wang.